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How to write an Extended Essay (with sample topics and examples)

An extended essay is one of the most challenging tasks that a students can be asked to write. It requires deep and clear analysis of the topic under study. it is crucial to understand the meaning of an extended essay and its special features for you to be able to write a successful essay.

Definition of an extended essay

An extended essay refers to a 4,000-word structured independent and self-directed piece of research. Writing the essay requires you to choose a research question as a topic that needs to be approved by an advisor or any relevant individual. The following are the guidelines for writing an excellent extended essay:

Choose a topic that you can enjoy

Choosing a subject of interest is of great importance as it allows easy brainstorming into details and also carries out adequate research work. Finding a topic of interest for the essay can be based on many factors such as the classes that one enjoys, the places they have gone to, and the general things that they like among others. Being familiar with the topic can also help in completing the essay on good time.

Getting the right Information

Getting the correct information addressing the topic is a good step towards writing the extended essay which is generally extensive considering the various sections. In this case, the writer should be able to determine whether the information is adequate in answering the questions as well as assist in the undertaking of the primary research required. It is therefore of great importance for the writer to get anything he or she requires from those who can give assistance like an advisor.

Get an Advisor

An advisor is essential for anyone who writes an extended essay, especially the ones doing it for the first time. The best advisor is the one who has expertise in the area of the topic of concern. Such an advisor will be in an excellent position to give good guidance on the topic and even provide valuable insights. Although this is not a primary requirement, the help of an advisor is fundamental for a well-furnished piece of extended essay.  Getting an advisor early enough to give guidance through the various sections of the essay.

The advisor needs to be that one person who can push the writer to do the best possible. In this case, the person chosen should be comfortable going through the essay as many times as necessary and advising on the significant changes that should be made at any given time. In this perspective, personal association is not necessary but the competency and willingness of the advisor to offer their assistance.

The Essay Outline

Generally, the outline of an extended essay is divided into three main parts namely;

  • Introduction,
  • Body, and
  • conclusion

The introduction of the essay should have a thesis statement as well as engage the reader. The body should be divided into three main parts: development, methods and results. The conclusion of the paper should restate the main argument of the essay. Other essential parts of the essay include the annotated bibliography containing the sources and the title page that identifies the essay at a glance. The following are details on writing the introduction, the body and the conclusion of the essay.

Writing the Introduction, Body and Conclusion

Following the right structure of the essay is significant to give the right impression. First and foremost the general work excluding the references should sum up to 4,000 words or slightly more to show that it is an extended essay. Writing less or too much information will not be reflective of the essay.

The introduction of the essay needs to state the thesis statement and the research question. Since this is the part to show an overview of whatever is to be addressed, it should be clear and convincing. It is therefore very significant to mention the importance of the topic. The introduction, therefore, should not use extensive transitional words which might not reflect the real intention of the essay.

The body of the essay is giving details on the topic by presenting supporting arguments. The three areas that need to be addressed include development section that reviews details of the topic by referring to various and relevant sources. Methods section shows the ways through which the research was done whether qualitative or quantitative and how it was done. The results section is representative of the outcome of the study on the topic.

The conclusion of the essay is addressing the argument development. This section should not have any new topics or subjects. Also, it should restate the main thesis but avoid repeating the argument. It should include specific elements in the argument that demonstrate an understanding of the subject or topic of the essay.

Start writing the essay as sooner as possible

Starting the easy needs to be done as soon as possible to allow room for proper research on the various sections of the essay. Waiting until the last minute is not advisable because it might lead to shoddy work when one hurries to have the areas covered. In this regard, the available time should be split to ensure that specific portion of the work is done after a given period. For example, the introduction section can be allocated a period of one week which should include gathering the right information including the right advisor to guide one through the essay.

Extended essay example topics

There are so many topics under which an extended essay can be written. However, you need to carefully choose your topic depending on your subject and theme. Some examples of topic include;

  • Sportsmanship
  • Freedom of speech
  • The early pottery of Greece
  • The computer as an assistant in learning
  • Networking as a way of communication
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