Should students have cell phones in school?

This century is characterized by the massive use of mobile phones for interaction and communication.  According to a recent study in the American school of education, global mobile phone use will surpass 4.6 billion by 2019. The massive use of cellphones cuts across people of different ages, gender, and nationalities. A recent study on the impact of cellphone use has been directed on young people especially those in school. Most researchers today are concentrating on establishing whether students should be allowed to have cell phones in school. There has been a heated debate on the same because mobile use in school comes with a plethora of benefits as well as risks.

Further statistics indicate that 92 percent of American teens get online daily and nearly 75 percent of them have access to a smartphone, free Wi-Fi both in school and at home. The connection to the internet means that teens are always connected to friends through social media platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp. As a result, there is an endless battle with their educators who are trying to get the students attention in classes.

Cell phones are essential in enhancing learning among learners. Mobile phones have been used extensively in conducting research. Although most schools have some computers in the classroom and in computer labs, this might not be enough to serve all the students. Furthermore, compared to computers cell phones are more comfortable because one can conduct educational research anywhere and any time of the day. Some apps on mobile phones make learning more exciting and thus enhance understanding. For example, most students will prefer watching learning apps that contain essential learning materials than obtaining such information from a written book. This is because most apps are quite impressive. Besides, mobile phones have other essential features that are useful to students for learning. These features include calculators, dictionaries and stopwatches. These tools are in almost all types of phones and are very useful in a class set up.

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Use of cell phones in school has enabled teachers to share essential educational images and videos to students who have difficulties in conceptualizing some ideas. The use of short-videos has proved useful in capturing and maintaining students’ attention and hence enhancing their understanding capacity. Another essential feature is the use of music while learning to strengthen concentration. Music plays a critical role in calming the unconscious attention system that keeps shifting to whatever human sense find significant. Silencing the inert system allows students to remain focused for long on their studies. Music also helps students to concentrate in a hostile learning environment such as a noisy class.

CHECKOUT: How to choose best music for studying

The use of mobile phones at school prepares students for their future lives and careers. If the goal of a school is to prepare students for life after school, it is then essential to encourage the use of tools that they will be using during the time. Most jobs today require the use of cell phones in various ways such as for ordering products; engineers can view blueprints and grocers in checking inventories. Students need to get familiarized with these gadgets since most professions today are using mobile technology to carry out a myriad of activities. Failure to prepare students for the modern world of technology is negligent.

However, the use of mobile phones in school has been associated with numerous disadvantages to the students and teachers as well. The disruptive nature of cell phones is one of the major drawbacks for using mobile use in schools. Research shows that people who own cell phones will check their phones every 12 minutes regardless of whether they have other engagements or not. Additionally, most people today use their smartphones as house keys, appointment keepers and alarm clocks, and this further explains the source of distraction.

Teachers have expressed fears that the decline in academic performance is partly due to the tolerance of mobile phones in classrooms. Teachers in schools where students are allowed to use mobile phones have to struggle to maintain students’ attention during classes. Cellphones also offer an easy escape for students to classes who think that they can obtain videos or audio for the missed classes. Research indicates that multitasking between learning and snooping your cell phone for messages has detrimental effects on one’s academic performance. Checking and responding to social media messages while attending a lesson will increase the time and concentration needed by students while studying at home to understand the lesson’s content.

Social media platforms such as Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, and WhatsApp are addictive, and therefore users may experience some form of tension or anxiety when their phones are taken off. It is clear that cell phones have adverse effects on students. Many schools have implemented strong policies against the use of cell phones at school and others have even implemented zero-tolerance policies for the use of cell phones.

In conclusion, there is a lengthy debate about whether cell phones should be allowed in schools or should not be allowed. There seems to be no agreement between researchers, educators, parents, and students about if cell phones should be allowed in school. However, based on the observations made on this paper, the benefits of allowing cell phones in schools seems to outweigh the limitations, and therefore educators should consider allowing students to use cell phones at school.

How to write freedom of speech essay

Writing a freedom of speech essay can be quite challenging especially when you don’t have the necessary skills and competencies for speech writing. In order to write the best freedom of speech essay, it is essential to understand the various issues surrounding this topic.

Issues surrounding freedom of speech

In the modern world freedom of speech is one of the most critical privileges and should be granted equally to all members of society. The school should be the primary center where students learn and spread civil liberty to free speech. However, holding discussions about this issue is quite a challenge since it might be the reason for disagreements arising from opposing ideas. In our today’s society, students’ freedom of speech has been violated by school boards and school heads since society is left to determine what students should say and do.  Such issues affect how freedom of speech essay is written especially when the writer is a student. The emotional torture associated with the violation of the ones right might compel someone to write a quite provoking essay. This explains why you need to be in the right state of mind to write freedom of speech essay.

Writing a freedom of speech essay

The following tips will help you to write formal and less partial freedom of speech essay.

Take your time

You need first to take some moment alone. Think about what you want to write about. Try to understand what freedom of speech means and look for ideas from other writers. Make sure before you start writing you have taken your own stand and are aware of what direction you want to direct your arguments. Do not be in a hurry to begin writing unless you have very limited time.

Conduct research

It might be challenging to write an informed speech about such a delicate topic without proper background information about the subject. Explore the history behind this concept and see how it has developed over time. Research about the benefits of this freedom to the citizens and the challenges faced in its implementation at different institutions such as schools and workplaces. Note down some crucial facts and views written about the topic. Extensive research is critical in informing your arguments and helps you to open your mind to various viewpoints.

Write down a draft

First, write down your thoughts on a piece of paper as much as you can remember them. When you are done thinking, it is now your time to organize your ideas in a logical manner. Write down thoughts in the order you would like them to appear in your speech. Sometimes you might encounter some opposing views in your list; you can explore the two sides of the argument, and finally, you declare your stand. By this far, you will have everything you need in your hands, and the next step should be writing down your freedom of speech essay.

Writing the introduction

Make your opening statement eye-catching. You can start with a hook, an interesting remark or a factual statement that will grab and maintain the attention of the readers throughout your essay. State your thesis statement and provide some details to elaborate on the aim of your study. Declare your stand on the topic so that the reader will be aware of what to expect from the essay. Ensure you are concise and focused throughout the introductory paragraph so that you can hold the attention of your audience.

Writing the body

In this section, you are expected to be thorough and logically present your ideas according to the order in which they appear on your draft. Use a clear language that your audience will understand. If for instance, you are writing to convince your audience that there are gross violations of the freedom of speech among students in American schools, the standard structure to utilize is “problem-solution.” Let your first part of the speech present the problem and present its adverse effects on the students and institutions as well. The second part of your speech will cover solutions for the already presented problem. The best way to persuade people is to use facts and statistics in your speech as well as making quotations to renowned and respected people or authors.


Writing the conclusion

Make a recap of your essay by stating what the article was about and mentioning the critical points in the essay. Remember this is the final statement the reader gets from you, and it determines whether the audience will buy into your ideas or not. Make the conclusion brief but eye-catching. For instance, you can end your essay with a call to action such as inviting the audience to join you in advocating for the freedom of speech right for students in American schools.

Additional tips in writing freedom of speech essay

  • Choose your ideas carefully. Do not put too many ideas into your speech. Make it short and memorable.
  • Write as if you are talking to a real audience. The more conversational your essay sounds, the better
  • Use short active sentences. Contractions such as “I’m” instead of “I am,” “you’re” instead of “you are” are allowed when writing a speech essay.
  • Avoid big words and vocabularies that might interfere with the message you are trying to pass.
  • Edit your speech appropriately to cut out difficult words and unnecessary statements.

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How to write an Extended Essay (with sample topics and examples)

An extended essay is one of the most challenging tasks that a students can be asked to write. It requires deep and clear analysis of the topic under study. it is crucial to understand the meaning of an extended essay and its special features for you to be able to write a successful essay.

Definition of an extended essay

An extended essay refers to a 4,000-word structured independent and self-directed piece of research. Writing the essay requires you to choose a research question as a topic that needs to be approved by an advisor or any relevant individual. The following are the guidelines for writing an excellent extended essay:

Choose a topic that you can enjoy

Choosing a subject of interest is of great importance as it allows easy brainstorming into details and also carries out adequate research work. Finding a topic of interest for the essay can be based on many factors such as the classes that one enjoys, the places they have gone to, and the general things that they like among others. Being familiar with the topic can also help in completing the essay on good time.

Getting the right Information

Getting the correct information addressing the topic is a good step towards writing the extended essay which is generally extensive considering the various sections. In this case, the writer should be able to determine whether the information is adequate in answering the questions as well as assist in the undertaking of the primary research required. It is therefore of great importance for the writer to get anything he or she requires from those who can give assistance like an advisor.

Get an Advisor

An advisor is essential for anyone who writes an extended essay, especially the ones doing it for the first time. The best advisor is the one who has expertise in the area of the topic of concern. Such an advisor will be in an excellent position to give good guidance on the topic and even provide valuable insights. Although this is not a primary requirement, the help of an advisor is fundamental for a well-furnished piece of extended essay.  Getting an advisor early enough to give guidance through the various sections of the essay.

The advisor needs to be that one person who can push the writer to do the best possible. In this case, the person chosen should be comfortable going through the essay as many times as necessary and advising on the significant changes that should be made at any given time. In this perspective, personal association is not necessary but the competency and willingness of the advisor to offer their assistance.

The Essay Outline

Generally, the outline of an extended essay is divided into three main parts namely;

  • Introduction,
  • Body, and
  • conclusion

The introduction of the essay should have a thesis statement as well as engage the reader. The body should be divided into three main parts: development, methods and results. The conclusion of the paper should restate the main argument of the essay. Other essential parts of the essay include the annotated bibliography containing the sources and the title page that identifies the essay at a glance. The following are details on writing the introduction, the body and the conclusion of the essay.

Writing the Introduction, Body and Conclusion

Following the right structure of the essay is significant to give the right impression. First and foremost the general work excluding the references should sum up to 4,000 words or slightly more to show that it is an extended essay. Writing less or too much information will not be reflective of the essay.

The introduction of the essay needs to state the thesis statement and the research question. Since this is the part to show an overview of whatever is to be addressed, it should be clear and convincing. It is therefore very significant to mention the importance of the topic. The introduction, therefore, should not use extensive transitional words which might not reflect the real intention of the essay.

The body of the essay is giving details on the topic by presenting supporting arguments. The three areas that need to be addressed include development section that reviews details of the topic by referring to various and relevant sources. Methods section shows the ways through which the research was done whether qualitative or quantitative and how it was done. The results section is representative of the outcome of the study on the topic.

The conclusion of the essay is addressing the argument development. This section should not have any new topics or subjects. Also, it should restate the main thesis but avoid repeating the argument. It should include specific elements in the argument that demonstrate an understanding of the subject or topic of the essay.

Start writing the essay as sooner as possible

Starting the easy needs to be done as soon as possible to allow room for proper research on the various sections of the essay. Waiting until the last minute is not advisable because it might lead to shoddy work when one hurries to have the areas covered. In this regard, the available time should be split to ensure that specific portion of the work is done after a given period. For example, the introduction section can be allocated a period of one week which should include gathering the right information including the right advisor to guide one through the essay.

Extended essay example topics

There are so many topics under which an extended essay can be written. However, you need to carefully choose your topic depending on your subject and theme. Some examples of topic include;

  • Sportsmanship
  • Freedom of speech
  • The early pottery of Greece
  • The computer as an assistant in learning
  • Networking as a way of communication

How to write a reflection paper to make others share your emotions

Many students perceive reflection essay as the easiest because it involves sharing personal feelings and emotions. In their daily experiences, human beings communicate to pass messages and to share life experiences and thus writing reflective essays has been compared to the sharing of experiences. However, writing a reflective paper that will capture the emotions your audience might not be that easy. In this type of essay, you are required to share your individual experience and creating a critical reflection essay that will hold the attention of your listeners might be a hassle.

What is a reflective essay?

It is a unique type of academic paper that requires the writer to focus on his/her feelings about an idea, event or experience. The object of study is usually another person, process or idea and the author is expected to integrate some aspect of personal life experience and draw conclusions. The primary objective is to present yourself and your inner world. Once you achieve this, all other objectives will be secondary. Nonetheless, a reflective essay assumes a typical structure.

When writing a reflection paper, consider the following;

  • Logically present your ideas; do not jump from one emotion to another otherwise, you will confuse your audience
  • Concentrate on your feelings since they are the keywords here. Avoid statistical data and any other form of research data.
  • Link up your ideas and thoughts but put them in separate paragraphs each.

How to introduce a reflective paper

Go straight to the introduction of the book or the movie that as aroused your emotions. Describe why it has made you emotional. Use language creatively to ensure that the reader gets hooked and can identify with your feelings. Think of any exciting story or experience but make sure it is something realistic. Explain your feelings about a book, event, idea or a movie in detail and elaborate on why you have such feelings. Also, mention your expected results from your investigation.

How to write the body

In this section, you are expected to be thorough about your feelings and emotions about a particular issue, event, a book or a movie. Also, you should give the rationale behind your feelings and state why you think you are right. If for instance, you are analyzing a book, do you agree with the author or you don’t? If you don’t agree with him or her, what is the reason behind this? What do you think about the message the author is trying to communicate? This section gives you the opportunity to explain yourself in detail, therefore, discuss the subject of your review,  substantiate your impressions and include every aspect you find worth including.

If you are describing an event, explain what happened, state your feelings before and after the event. You are free to include as many details as possible but ensure that you stick to your topic. It is important to note that all details included in your reflective essay are not traumatizing to you or your readers.

Writing the conclusion

This section gives you the opportunity to summarize your article but in more general terms. If you were analyzing a book state whether the book is good or bad and explain why. If it is a movie, clarify whether it influences your life, your ideas, perceptions and opinions, and state in what ways. Remind your reader why you decided to choose this side and explain the essential lessons that you have learned from your analysis.

The peculiarity of a reflection paper

Sometimes you will be required to write using a specific writing format. If you are asked to use APA, add a title page, an abstract and a bibliography. The following tips are essential when writing a reflection paper;

  • Start the introduction with a hook. You can achieve this by inserting a question or a quote in the first sentence of the introductory paragraph. Make your introduction stunning such that the reader’s attention will be caught and maintained throughout your paper. This can be achieved by giving a brief preview of the topic that you will be discussing in your paper. Develop a thesis statement that will include details about a person, place, idea or event that have a particular impact on you.
  • Have at least three paragraphs each with a specific idea that you intend to communicate. However, ensure your thoughts follow a chronological order so that your readers can find it easy to follow. Provide details of your story to make your audience understand the reason behind your strong emotions.
  • Prepare a good finishing for your paper that will leave your reader wanting to hear more from you. Prepare a summary of all your ideas and experiences and leave a room for the readers to make their own judgments about your paper.

How to choose the best music for studying

The common belief is that it is necessary to secure a quiet environment to study that is free from distractions. However, for some people studying in a quiet environment can be a nightmare. Although conducive for studying, the quiet environment can bring about boredom making you succumb to the allure of sleeping at the study table. Therefore, the need for some music while studying cannot be overstated. Scholars argue that apart from making studying less boring; music also can potentially help you to retain information better.

Moreover, music can help you to calm down hence becoming more productive in your studying. Music also is critical in elevating your mood and motivates you to study longer. Some scholars are however opposed to music while studying because they consider it a form of distraction.

The biggest challenge is finding the right kind of music that will not distract you from your study. Science teaches that finding the correct playlist when performing tasks that require more brainpower can be a challenge. The idea is finding that type of music that will play from the background and not disturb your attention.

Tips for choosing the best music

Choose classical music

Classical music has been found to be instrumental in helping to retain information. In most cases, this taking of music does not have lyrics, and therefore chances that it will be a less distraction are high. However, always ensure your music is slow-paced since fast-faced and upbeats might sound uncomfortable and distract your attention. The most important part of classical music is that it is peaceful and harmonious if well chosen. Examples of classical music that can be used include “Air on a G String” by Johann Sebastian Bach and “Piano Concerto No. 23” by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

In case you don’t like classical music, you can choose low tempo electronic music. It also provides a pleasant background for studying. Ensure you select electronic music that has less or no great variations and one without lyrics.


Select music that has no lyrics

Words can be distracting. Lyric-free music is appropriate when studying because lyrics can be a source of distraction. It is easier to shift focus from studying to figure out what the singer of particular music is trying to converse. Research from the Cambridge Sound Management shows that noise, in general, does not distract people and doesn’t affect productivity rather the intelligibility of the words force individuals to switch focus from whatever they are doing and figure out the meaning of the words. Therefore, listening to lyric-free music will help maintain your attention on your studies.

Listen to slow-paced music

You want to listen to songs that fade away in the background and not songs that will grab your attention. Listening to fast-paced songs with various varying tones can be a source of distraction for our studies. Look for slow-paced and relatively monotone songs. Examples of such music include spa music.

Choose songs that include sounds of nature

Sounds of nature are instrumental in enhancing moods and focus as well as enhancing the relaxation effects. Sounds such as jungles or animals, waves and rain can transform the studying environment into a more relaxing moment that is appropriate for studying. Sounds of nature enhance cognitive functioning; optimize the concentration ability and increases the satisfaction of the activity being carried out.

You can opt for songs that you don’t care about

Research suggests that listening to music that you are ambivalent about could be right. Have you ever realized that if you listen to music that you don’t really care about does not affect your concentration? When listening to such music you don’t even capture the lyrics because after all, you don’t have any interest in the music, but it is helping liven the environment.

Select songs that are played at medium volume

Research conducted at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Virginia, Charlottesville established that moderate noise is critical for creative thinking. Remember this music will be playing in the background while you study. Having music at the highest volume will definitely affect your concentration. If your music is playing and you find it hard to concentrate that might be an indication that it is too loud. Research on the effects of high and moderate noise shows that both can help in opening people’s brains to more abstract thinking. However, too loud noise is said to decrease the ability of the brain to process information.

Choose music that is unfamiliar to you

Select music from around the world in case you need to try something new and different. Have you ever found yourself sub-consciously singing and dancing along familiar music? Probably you have. Familiar songs can be a sure source of distraction whether it has lyrics or it’s just instrumentals because you can sing or hum along. Having a variety of songs from across the world can help you to avoid familiar music. Music from other regions will have languages, beats, and structures that are unfamiliar to you and which might be less distracting. An example of such music is Caribbean music and South African Music.

How to make your writing interesting for middle school

To understand how to write compelling content for students in middle school, it is essential to understand the nature of students under this category.

Who are middle school learners?

Middle school students are thought of as grades 5 through 8 and are characterized by a unique set of needs that set them apart from the childhood years of elementary school. Their demands also do no find them prepared for the late adolescence of high school. Thus, their teachers need to be aware of these characteristics and unique behavior of early adolescents to figure out the nature of the content they deserve. Remember this is a group of young boys and girls who are entering the adolescence stage and thus undergoing tremendous changes within their body systems — included in the changes in the form of thinking from merely concrete to more abstract thinking. The meaningfulness of the content will trigger Their desire to learn, that is, the more the content is meaningful, the higher the likelihood of reading.

Another essential feature to consider is how much content their brains can digest within a certain period of time. For instance, the National Education Association explains that middle school students can hold between five to seven bits of information at a time and thus teachers, as well as writers, should be time conscious when writing their content for this group of learners. The best way to teach middle school learners is through allowing them to move around and have hands-on experiences and experiments that will enable them to reach conclusions that are based on facts or data-based.

Reading materials and programs for middle school learners needs to be designed in a way that will meet their intellectual, emotional, social and physical needs. You will need to structure your material such that it aligns with the unique demands of the readers. Make your piece of writing responsive to both the academic and developmental needs of the young reader.

Making your writing interesting

According to the guidelines of the Learning.Org, an excellent essay should not only have originality of thoughts, a tight structure or a balanced argument but also should be interesting. An interesting article sparks curiosity as well as capturing the attention of the readers making them want to keep reading your content. You might be having excellent points, and your arguments might be making the most sense, but if your writing style is dull or you handle a dry subject poorly, the positive aspects of your essay but me undermined.

Additionally, putting your audience into consideration is absolutely critical if you have to meet their reading demands. For instance, writing for elementary students will be different from writing for middle school because each set of readers has different reading expectations. In other words, what might spark the interest of elementary school pupils might not necessarily do the same to middle school learners. The following section provides essentials guidelines for writing interesting essays for middle school learners.

Tips for writing interesting essays for middle school

  • Think about your reader

Put yourself into the shoes of the reader and try to remember the things you liked when you were their age. Ask yourself questions like,

  1. would this interest me if I was this age
  2. for how long would I like to read attentively
  • Will this content grab my attention and make me want to read further?
  • Ensure you are interested in what you are writing about

A common saying goes like, “you cannot give what you don’t have.” You have to be interested in your topic so that you can extend the interest to your readers. Ensure you have a real passion for the subject you intend to write about. For middle school learners, ensure you appeal to their intellectual and emotional well being by aligning your arguments with their expectations.

  • Ensure you include fascinating details

This is essential, especially when writing on a dry subject. You have to be creative enough to liven the dry topic by adding details that will make reading easier. This can be achieved by trying to make your subject more relevant to the real world to make it more relatable to the reader. Remember, your audience is a young and active group that needs captivating content to keep them moving.

  • Outsource some creative writing techniques

Although there is a limit of how far an essay writer can borrow from story-telling techniques, you can apply some to make your essay mind-blowing. But do not forget that essays should be objectified, actual and balanced. One essential technique you can borrow is having your essay start with a hook that will grab the attention of the reader into your essay and make them want to keep reading to the end. Also, ensure you tailor your hook to make it appealing to your audience, in this case, middle school students.

  • Use the active voice

Using the active voice automatically makes writing interesting to read. It puts the reader into the context because it is more direct and energetic. Here you are dealing with a young, more active and energetic audience whose expectations to learn is extremely high. Making your writing sound more dynamic and lively is a sure way of holding their attention throughout the essay.

How to write a successful climate change essay

Climate change is among the most debated topics across the globe because of its far-reaching impacts on the humankind. Climate change poses a significant risk to human society in the form of global warming and thus has attracted much attention in the global arena. This makes climate change essays common assignments among students.

If you are asked to write a climate change essay, be prepared to conduct in-depth research and deep analysis of your topic. Be very cautious where you look for information. Acceptable sources should include ones whose author has relevant knowledge of climate change, or the publishing organization deals with matters of climate change. Scoring the best grade in this essay will require more than just writing a mind-blowing essay. You will have to back up your ideas with evidence from reliable sources.

Writing a climate change essay

Begin a climate change essay by conducting research and gathering evidence from various sources. After you have the required resources, plan on the right structure for your essay.

Start your essay by constructing a thesis statement. Let your statement align with your type of essay. An essay on climate change can take multiple forms, for instance, a scientific research on the possible causes of global warming. Also, it can it can take the form of an argumentative essay that will explain why global warming is a serious problem to the human population. Likewise, you may be required to write an informative essay whereby you will have to create awareness to the reader about the existence of a problem, say global warming, without giving your views about the issue.

Therefore, you will need to first identify the nature of your climate change essay before proceeding to craft your thesis. Remember, your thesis will form the opening statement of your paper, and therefore it should be firm enough to capture and maintain the attention of the readers throughout your essay.

Introducing a climate change essay

Writing an eye-catching introduction for a climate change essay can be a challenge especially where your topic is highly scientific. This is because most of your content is expected to be factual and evidence-based but still should capture the attention of the reader. In this section, I will guide you on how to write an eye-catching introduction while still maintaining facts and sounding formal. Use the IEB (Informative, Eye-Catching, Brief) formula. Ensure that the main idea of the paper is captured in the introduction to convince the reader that it is worth their time. You can begin your essay with;

  1. A fascinating fact that is not widely known. You can include statistics if possible. For instance, you can write, the world statistics on climate change estimates that by the year 2050, human-caused global warming will reach around three degrees.
  2. With a question that will get the readers mind tuned into action. For example, can you imagine that global warming will, in the near future, make life impossible on earth? Should we start exploring other planets for homes?
  • With a quote from a renowned source such as a newspaper, or a prominent individual or author. For instance, “Knowing that we have the power to influence global climate is enormously important when trying to imagine what our climate might look like in 2050”. (Katherine Richardson)

After reading such fascinating statements, the reader will start developing the interest to learn more about your ideas.

Writing the body of the essay

In this section, you explain the existing in detail. Remember the content will differ depending on your topic and the type of essay you are asked to write. At this point, you already have a summary of your researched ideas, you have your thesis, and you have introduced your essay.

Now, start writing down your key arguments and use the sourced information to back up your arguments. Ensure that you have the most recent data and statistics on global warming since the updates are done annually.

Divide your paper into 3-4 concrete paragraphs each with a unique idea. Let each paragraph begin with a topic sentence followed by a thorough analysis of the idea. If you are writing about the effects of global warming, for example, you can have two paragraphs discussing the significant effects and two paragraphs providing possible solutions to the problem. Regardless of the nature of your essay, convince the reader that whatever you are writing is right and make sure you appeal to their logic.

Writing the conclusion

This is the last part of your climate change essay. Here, provide a summary of all the ideas covered in the main body. Just as the introduction, your conclusion should be firm and convincing. You can opt to read your paper to a friend and find out whether you have covered your topic adequately.  You can write everything else brilliantly and also fail if your conclusion is weak. Make sure your paper is balanced in terms of compactness from the beginning to the end. You can end your essay with a call to action or a rhetorical question. This will not only make your essay unforgettable but also will leave your readers wanting to learn more about your topic of choice.